Navigation
Home Page

Curriculum

What does your child learn at school each day? Find information about our curriculum subjects here.

Phonics

At Phoenix Infant and Nursery School, early reading is taught using synthetic phonics with the school following the government published programme 'Letters and Sounds' to teach phonics. Pupils are systematically taught the phonemes (sounds), how to blend the sounds all through the word for reading, and how to segment the sounds in order to write words. Children are taught to use their phonic skills and knowledge as their first approach to reading, but are also taught how to read high frequency words which do not completely follow the phonic rules.

Phonics is taught from Nursery and is divided into six phases, with each phase building on the skills and knowledge of previous learning.

Children have time to practise and rapidly expand their ability to read and spell words. They are also taught to read and spell ‘tricky words’, which are words with spellings that are unusual.

Phase One ( Nursery)

The aim of this Phase is to foster children’s speaking and listening skills as preparation for learning to read with phonics. Parents can play a vital role in helping their children develop these skills, by encouraging their children to listen carefully and talk extensively about what they hear, see and do.

Phases Two to Four ( Foundation Stage)

Phase Two is when systematic, high quality phonic work begins. During Phases Two to Four, children learn:

 

  • How to represent each of the forty-two sounds by a letter or sequence of letters
  • ( Click on the link above to hear these sounds)
  • How to blend sounds together for reading and how to segment (split) words for spelling
  • The letter names
  • How to read and spell some high frequency ‘tricky’ words containing sounds not yet learned (for example ‘they’, ‘my’, ‘her’ and ‘you’)

The Letters and Sounds Programme we use suggests an order for teaching the letters. We recognise, however, that children’s personal experience of letters varies enormously. Most importantly, we ensure that phonics is taught and practised at a pace that is suitable for individual and groups of children.

Phase Five ( Year One)

Children continue to revise the previous phases.

Children learn new ways of representing the sounds and practise blending for reading and segmenting for spelling.

Phase Six (Year Two)

During this phase, children become fluent readers and increasingly accurate spellers.

Reading Schemes

At Phoenix Infant and Nursery School, all our reading books are colour banded. Children are given a colour band to choose their home reading book from which will help to ensure that the books they select are at the appropriate reading level for them whilst also ensuring they are appropriately challenged. 

Every colour band includes books from a range of reading schemes so that children will experience a range of text types. All books within each book band can be decoded using phonics skills and knowledge.

Top